Access to Information and The Responsibility of Ethiopian Government

In Ethiopia, the government's responsibility towards access to information and public information is enshrined in the constitution. Article 29 of the Ethiopian Constitution states that every person has the right to information. Additionally, the government has passed the Access to Information Proclamation, which affirms the importance of access to information and establishes a legal framework for the dissemination of public information.

Government's Responsibility

The government of Ethiopia is responsible for ensuring that public information is available to all citizens in a timely and transparent manner. This includes information about government policies and decision-making processes, as well as information related to public services and facilities. The government must ensure that citizens have easy and efficient access to this information, so they can make informed decisions and hold the government accountable.

Current Situations and Downsides

In practice, however, there have been challenges to accessing public information in Ethiopia. Government officials may be hesitant to share information with the public, particularly if it is sensitive or controversial. This has led to an inconsistent application of the Access to Information Proclamation and limited public access to certain types of information.

However, efforts have been made to improve access to information in Ethiopia. For example, the Ethiopian Broadcasting Authority was established to promote transparency and accountability in the media sector. Additionally, civil society organizations have campaigned for greater access to information and worked to educate citizens about their right to information.


Overall, while there are challenges to accessing public information in Ethiopia, the government has a responsibility to ensure that citizens have access to information and to work towards greater transparency and accountability in government decision-making processes.